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» The History of the Museum.

The History of the Museum.

6 ноябрь 2018

The house museum of the spouses Amet and Ayimkhan Shamuratovs is one of the first private museums in Uzbekistan, a sight of Nukus, the capital of Karakalpakstan. It was founded in 1999 on the personal funds of the Shamuratovs children. The museum contains the richest collection of Amet Shamuratov (1912-1953) of the writer, poet, playwright, statesman and his wife Ayimkhan Shamuratova (1917-1993) one of the first in the history of Karakalpakstan who appeared on the theater stage, played a hundred-odd role, had a unique by voice.
The spouses of the Shamuratovs took an active part in the formation and development of the Karakalpak culture, literature and art of the twentieth century.
After the death of Ayimkhan Shamuratova in 1993, her children decided to build the Amet and Ayimkhan Shamuratovs House Museum. For this, a plot of 12 acres was allocated by the government of Karakalpakstan near the house where Ayimkhan Shamuratov lived, in particular, by the head of the Republic Ubbiniyaz Ashirbekov. The construction site was headed by the son-in-law Ayymkhan Shamuratova, the honored builder of Karakalpakstan – Tauybaldiev Sultamurat Karlybaevich. Taubaldiev Sultamurat Karlybaevich was born on May 9, 1947, in the family of a dekhkan - a poor man in the Sverdlov state farm of the Leninabad district (now the Kanlykul district), where Ayimkhan herself was born.
He studied in the Karakalpak class. From childhood he became interested in mathematics, participated in school city and republican Olympiads. Early recognized hard childhood, the mother died when he was 9 years old.
His elder brother Abdibay studied at this time in Tashkent, was a student. Sultan and two younger brothers - 6 year old Erezhep and 6 month old Bazarbai were left without a mother.

Despite a very difficult childhood, Sultan studied perfectly well and after graduating from the 11th Karakalpak high school class, he went to Moscow and entered the Bauman Higher Technical School in Moscow.
Successfully finishing it, he enters in graduate school. After graduating from graduate school, he comes to Nukus, and marries the youngest daughter of Ayimkhan Shamuratova, Ayimgul, remains in the capital. In Karakalpakstan, under his leadership, many houses in rural areas were built, kindergartens, schools, mosques, state institutions, hospitals - so many that it is impossible to count. There is probably no such corner in Karakalpakstan, where Sultan would not participate in the construction. The love of books was laid with him from childhood. He collected a large collection of world classics. Sultan was a lover of music, classics of Chopin, Mozart, Tchaikovsky, Muslim Magomayev and of course he loved Karakalpak songs based on lyrics by Berdakh, Azhiniyaz, Makhtymuly performed by A. Khozlamepesov, Genzhebai Tileumuratov, Amet Tarihov, Turganbay Kurbanov, and also was fond of listening the songs performed by Ayimkhan Shamuratova. He admired her and said that Ayimkhan Shamuratova is a model of imitation for the younger generation.
Since 2004, the disease has been creep up to him. He had II type diabetes. He had surgery on his eyes, as a result his vision was 30%, then his kidneys failed, and at the same time the gangrene of his right leg began. In Tashkent, he was on dialysis for 6 months: then his son took him to Pakistan for a kidney transplant. He underwent a kidney transplant, and in the same place his right foot was amputated. The Sultan was brought to Tashkent in very grave condition, and then, at his request, to the city of Nukus. The doctor Kholodova, who observed the patients after kidney transplantation, examined him and said that he only had one month to live - it was November 2006. But Sultan did not give up - Dr. Ramil Sherlanov began to treat him.
Exercise, the will to live and the right treatment showed its results. Sultan continued to live began to drive to work, drove in a carriage to the car, and then he sat down near the driver, so he helped his eldest son, who headed the house-building factory, after him in the work of the plant. He built two many-storey houses, two schools in rural localities, each 150 km from Nukus, in the town of Mangit and in the town of Kungrad, near the museum Ayimkhan Shamuratova built the hotel "Jipek-Joli" began construction of a new building of the hotel, helped to build a college.
Despite the diseases that tormented him during sleepless nights with a fracture of the hip joint, he continued to work. When all the relatives told him that he did not have to work, he replied that as soon as he arrived at work, he felt better and better.

Here we unwillingly compare it with Ostrovsky and the hero of the USSR Maresiev. Karakalpak Mariesev !. He always helped people, sympathized with them, was sick for them, he loved people, friends, relatives, wife, children, grandchildren.
The only thing that was very tragic was that he could not hear his favorite tunes at the end of his life. His doctor Ramil Sherlanov composed poems for honor of the hero of the day.
In memory of Karakalpak Maresyev in Tauibaldyev degree (Dedication to my patient Sultamuratov Tauybaldiyev)

With a serious illness you fought,
Though he lived with a transplant!
Blind, deaf, left without legs,
But he was always in the ranks of people!

Though I felt pain when shaking,
You did not spare yourself in your work!
And wheelchairs
Peace asked from you!

You lived, you thought, argued with everyone,
He wrote stories and poems!
They will open to everyone once
Your spiritual touches, (stitches)!

Good bye, my friend! I do not forget
Your judgments subtle mind!
I will always remember you,
In me you lit a lot of thoughts!

(R.A. Sherlanov, Nukus, March 14, 2011)

I would like to thank the people who helped in the construction of the museum. Under the leadership of Sultamurat Taualdiyev, the honored builder of Karakalpakstan, below listed people helped to build the museum:
Musayev Abatbay - Director of the Takhiatash Concrete Plant.
Bayymbetov Myrzagaly - head of the trust Kungradsodastroy.
Palekeev Zhumabay - Head of the pre-mobile column mechanization. Tahiatash.
Esnazarov Artykbay - Director of the private firm "Aydin"
Begzhanov Medet is a businessman. Grandson of Ayimkhan Shamuratova.
We express our gratitude to all builders from the public and culture of Karakalpakstan, as well as from the Shamuratovs family.
In honor of Sultamurat Taubaldiyev, the builder of the Shamuratovs Museum, a documentary film was shot by Tashkent documentary filmmakers and the book “Trial of Fate” was published in Tashkent, 2012.
If you imagine literature as a big stage, then every creative person on this stage tries to leave behind valuable works to the future generation.
One of such people in the 50s in Karakalpak literature was Amet Shamuratov, he was a prominent representative, and statesman, writer, poet, playwright, translator, and was one of the talented representatives of literature of the twentieth century, making a significant contribution to its development and formation.
He was born in 1912 in the territory of the collective farm Kalinin, Khodzheily district, in the family of a poor farmer. Early orphaned, till 1926, while he lived in the family, he studied in the old Muslim school, in 1926-1930 he studied at the «Kommuna» school in Chimbay, and then continued his studies at the Kazakh school of Orenburg.
He begins his labor activity with teaching in elementary classes, works as a district inspector, secretary of the executive committee of Khozhdeliya district.
In 1932 he entered the Rabfak School at the Moscow Veterinary Institute, where he studied from 1933 to 1936, almost all of his subsequent life is connected with the creative sphere.
So, from 1938 to 1940 he headed the department of fiction of Karakalpakstan.
From 1940 to 1941, Director of the State Publishing House of Fiction Literature of the Uzbek SSR in Tashkent.
The most productive activity for Amet Shamuratov was when he was as deputy chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the CCAA (1941-1944), where he supervised the activities of cultural scientific institutions, creative organizations and public education, is actively mobilizing the entire great spiritual potential of Karakalpakstan and the creative intelligentsia to ensure victory over the enemy World War II.
Then from 1945 to 1947 he became director of the State Publishing House of Fiction of Uzbekistan in the city of Tashkent.
From 1945 to 1947, Amet Shamuratov was Deputy Director of the Karakalpak Scientific Research Institute of Language and Literature and Head of the Office of Arts at the Council of Ministers of the KK ASSR.
From 1947 to 1950 he became a student of the Higher Party School in the city of Moscow.
From 1950 until the end of his days, he worked as Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the CCAA, Chairman of the Writers' Union of Karakalpakstan and Secretary of the Nukus City Executive Committee.
Since 1939, is a member of the Writers' Union of Karakalpakstan.
The works of Amet Shamuratova are familiar not only in Karakalpakstan, but also abroad. He wrote the first story for the children of Karakalpak. His novels “In the old school” and “My meetings with tigers” brought him deserved fame, and the last author-witness of the event gained fame as the founder of adventure prose in modern Karakalpak literature. Here we are talking about one of the most powerful animals in the nature of the tiger in the valley of Turana, which is second in size only to the Amur. All works are based on real events.
The creative heritage of Amet Shamuratova includes works, poems, novels, dramas, translations. The general tone of the works of the poet is sincere pride in the labor success of the people in work and in the struggle against enemies during the war. A number of works are devoted to native nature.
Over the years of his life, several collections of verses and poems "Sauga" (1940) (Present), "Songs of the Motherland" (1943), "Happiness" (1949), "Selected Works" (1954-1963), and others.
Poems and stories by Amet Shamuratova repeatedly republished in their native language, as in Nukus and in Russian in Moscow under the general title “In the old school” (1979), and a collection of his poems “I Love” was published in Uzbek (1956). On the stage of the Karakalpak Theater of Berdakh with success were going on the plays of Amet Shamuratov's “Daughter of Aral” together with J. Aymurzayev, also a prominent writer and “Kirk Kyz” together with I. Yusupov. After the death of Amet Shamuratova his works was completed by IbraimYusupov.
Not just works, but also translations of works by Russian writers as I.A. Krylova, A.S. Pushkin, M.Yu. Lermontov, A.P. Chekhov, M. Gorky and other writers belongs to A.Shamuratovs pen. The merits of A. Shamuratov in the development of culture and economy of Karakalpakstan are highly appreciated by the government. He was twice awarded the Order of the Badge of Honor with medals and diplomas. The Presidium of the Supreme Council of Uzbekistan and the Supreme Council of Karakalpakstan was twice elected a deputy to the Supreme Council of Karakalpakstan. Amet Shamuratov lived a short but fertile life. Even after years of his work, his appearance is always reflected on our hearts from on high.скачать софт